The Nevada Emissions Control Program requires drivers to inspect their vehicles one time when they are registered, and every year, for as long as they are owned. When the emission renewal must be done, the vehicle owner will receive an email with a notice, which indicates where the test must be done. All emission inspection stations in Nevada are privately owned, and decentralized. In order to have your car inspected for emissions you must have valid insurance, a registration or a movement permit to use the car on public streets. To obtain a movement permit (in case your registration has expired) you have to check with the Certificate of Registration or prove ownership through the DMV office.
Tip: If your car is older than 1996 you should not take it for the emission test right after you have disconnected it from the battery, because it will not pass. You should disconnect it for approximately a week so that the One Board Diagnostics will be able to run all their tests.
Not all cars have to take Nevada’s Emissions Control Program test. Modern vehicles, which have advanced equipment are unlikely to harm the environment, but there are certain passenger cars, Rvs, or trucks that should take it. The list includes, but is not limited to gasoline powered vehicles, diesel powered cars, 1968 and newer models (unless they have qualified for the Classic Vehicle exemption) and new vehicles on their third registration.
Nevada requires used car dealers to take care of the emissions test before selling a vehicle. So if you are purchasing a car independently, it is your responsibility to take the test.
You Don’t Have to Take The Nevada’s Emissions Control Program Test If You Have one of the Following Vehicles
The truth is that many drivers have no idea if they should be worrying about Nevada’s Emissions Control Program test or not. Instead of running around from dealer to dealer, it may be wiser to check an online list. Here are a few examples of vehicles that don’t need emission testing:
New vehicles on their first and second registration
- Cars that are older than 1967
- When ownership is transferred if the test was conducted in the last 90 days, if it is transferred between husband or wife or if it is transferred between companies who work in the vehicle leasing field.
- Alternative fuel vehicles + hybrid models
- Vehicles with classic rod, old timer or which are driven less than 5000 miles per year
- Replica vehicles, motor cycles or diesel vehicles which weigh 14000 pounds or more.
What Happens if you Fail?
There is a chance that you may fail the initial emission test. This means that you must fix your car and take a second test to receive registration. Repairs can be completed at a specialized facility, or by the owner, and in order to validate them you will have to present the failed tests to the DMV office. If you don’t pass the test even after repairing, you will be eligible for a waiver. The waiver also has some requirements. First of all, if you fail the illuminated check engine lamp for newer light duty vehicles and the carbon-monoxide and/or the hydrocarbon levels according to regulations. You cannot obtain a waiver if your vehicle has warranty coverage, if it is a smoking vehicle or if it has emission device tampering.